Side effects of childhood bullying can last well into adulthood
A new study by educational psychologist and leading bullying expert Dorothy Espelage reveals that bullying can cause long-term psychological trauma, particularly among girls. After surveying 480 college students, Espelage determined that the effects of childhood bullying can linger for years. In fact, when compared with other types of traumatic experiences occurring from birth through age 17, such as robbery, sexual assault and domestic and community violence, bullying was the strongest predictor of PTSD symptoms. Bullied students also reported higher levels of mental health problems than their peers who were not bullied. Researchers noted the need to develop assessment methods and interventions to help this population. They have also called for university health centers to provide continued training on the current research on childhood bullying and its long-term effects.